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Chemicals, construction, mining among 11 sectors seen generating black money: Report
The flow of black money abroad ranged from less than one to seven per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) between 2000 and 2010, according to the NIPFP reportVipul Vivek,Chemicals and chemical products, construction, land transport, agriculture, petroleum products, iron and metallic products, are among the 11 sectors seen as "more prone to generation or utilisation of unaccounted incomes", according to a government-commissioned report on black money. Electricity, communication, mining, machinery manufacturing, and trade and business services are the other sectors, the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) report on black money said while estimating that about Rs 5.3 lakh crore (at the current exchange rate of Rs 64/US dollar) flowed out of India illegaly in 2007.The 1,200-page report, which is yet to be made officially public, was commissioned in 2012 by and presented in 2013 to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) under the Congress-led United P...




A deep analysis of Muslim representation in Delhi civic bodies
Shafeeq Rahman, Muslims make up 13% of the total population of Delhi but they are politically unrepresented in the legislative bodies. Their representation ratio is zero in seven parliamentary constituencies, 5.7% in state legislative body with 4 members out of 70 and 5.1% in all three municipal corporations with 14 councillors out of 272 members. The recently held MCD election has decreased the Muslim representation from 16 (5.8%) councillors in previous 2012 election to 14 (5.1%) in 2017.   Muslims have the population across the state, but their concentration is in different pockets of all three civic zones. Okhla in South; Ballimaran, Chandni Chowk, Matia Mahal and Sadar Bazar in North; and Babarpur, Seelampur, Karawal Nagar, Mustafabad and Seeampuri in East are the main Muslim-concentrated areas of Delhi. Muslim councillors generally win from these areas only.   In terms of Muslim ratio in ticket distribution, the three major political parties in Delhi had allotted t...




3,000 youngsters die daily from preventable causes: WHO
The report states that the biggest causes of death among adolescents are road traffic injuries, lower respiratory infections and suicide, which caused respectively 115,302, 72,655 and 67,149 deathsToronto, May 16: Over 3,000 youngsters die every day, totalling 1.2 million deaths a year, from largely preventable causes, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).Around 1.2 billion people, or one in every six persons, are adolescents aged between 10 to 19 years.The report entitled 'Global accelerated action for the health of adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to support country implementation', was scheduled to be launched on Tuesday in Canada at the Global Adolescent Health Conference: Unleashing the Power of a Generation.The report states that the biggest causes of death among adolescents are road traffic injuries, lower respiratory infections and suicide, which caused respectively 115,302, 72,655 and 67,149 deaths.While most of these deaths could be prevented wit...




More than 1 mn TB patients lack adequate nutrition
Every unit reduction in the BMI increases the risk of TB by about 14 per cent, according to this an International Journal of Epidemiology studyCharu Bahri,Mt Abu/Abu Road: One look at Puni Garasia, 14, was all it took Ashok Dave, a doctor operating a charitable mobile clinic service for 56 dusty, desolate hamlets in Sirohi, southwest Rajasthan, to suspect tuberculosis (TB). "She was all skin and bones," Dave, an employee of Global Hospital & Research Centre, a health not-for-profit, told IndiaSpend.On March 24, 2017, World TB Day, the government released a guideline: Nutritional Care & Support for TB Patients in India, the first country-level adaptation of the 2013 World Health Organization guideline for the nutritional care and support of TB patients. Low weight is a classic symptom of TB, a disease associated with wasting away of fat and muscle.Undernutrition increases the severity of TB, reduces patients' speed of recovery, and increases their chances of suff...




Over 10 years, Bengaluru molestations rose 417%, conviction rate 0.37%
In a decade to 2016, the incidents of molestation (under Section 354) reported in Bengaluru increased more than four-fold, statistics compiled by the citys Commissioner of Police show.  Elizabeth Mani, In a decade to 2016, the incidents of molestation (under Section 354) reported in Bengaluru increased more than four-fold, statistics compiled by the citys Commissioner of Police show. Yet, according to our analysis of police data, of the 4,241 complaints filed between 2006 and 2016, the conviction rate was 0.37 per cent (16 cases).The number of complaints under under Section 354 (assault to outrage the modesty of a woman) rose from 150 in 2006 to 776 in 2016. Experts say this could be because of an increase in the number of incidents as well as greater willingness on the part of women to register complaints.This data project could serve as a template for how police in India's burgeoning cities can make sense of their crime data in public interest.Section 354 includes sexual haras...




Diet of 90% children could be nutrient-deficient: Study
Considering how important better nourished children are to maximising India's developmental potential, working with parents for better childhood nutrition is increasingly becoming an imperative and not just an option Bengaluru, May 4: The diet of around 90 per cent children could be deficient in essential nutrients, warns a new study.Around nine out of every 10 children could be at risk of inadequate micronutrient intake, with almost 70 per cent at risk of having insufficient intake of four or more micronutrients, according to a study published by the Community Institute of Management Studies (CIMS) here.The study, conducted amongst 634 school-going children, said that the intake of nutrients that are most inadequate in the Bangalore study are Vitamin A, folate, Vitamin B12 and iron, leaving children susceptible to stunting, weakened immune systems, impaired cognitive function, anaemia, low energy levels and other devastating effects of hidden hunger.The study suggested that wh...




Gujarat has one of India's worst immunisation records
Across India, the percentage of children who have received full immunisation that includes polio, BCG, DPT, and measles vaccines, has dramatically risen over 40 per cent in the last 10 years -- from 43.5 per cent in NFHS round three in 2005-06 to 62 per cent in round fourAlison Saldanha,Among larger Indian states, Gujarat has the least number of vaccinated children: 50.4 per cent (2015-16 data). The immunisation rate of the fourth-richest state (2013-14) is now worse than that of some of the most backward states -- Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, called Bimaru (or sick) states.While Gujarat's current immunisation rate is up 11.5 per cent from the previous decade, it is now 11.6 percentage points below the national average of 62 per cent, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data from 1991 to 2015-16.In 2005-06, the state's vaccination coverage, at 45.2 per cent, had been above India's average of 43.5 per cent. Further, the c...




1% of Indians own 53% of country's wealth: UN report
According to Lise Kingo, CEO and Executive Director of the UNGC, SDGs can open at least $1 trillion of market opportunity for the private sector in India New Delhi, April 28: Indicating that inequality in India is increasing, a UN report released here on Thursday said that the richest one percent own 53 percent of the country's wealth.It also said that unlike other countries, development in India is not moving across states."In terms of wealth inequality, India is second only to Russia, where the richest 1 percent own 53 percent of the country's wealth," said the report 'The Better Business, Better World' released here in a two day event of the United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) focussing on how through bold innovation, businesses can create solutions and tap new opportunities found within the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).According to Lise Kingo, CEO and Executive Director of the UNGC, SDGs can open at least $1 trillion of market opportunity for the privat...




Connecting the dots: The BJP, Hindutva and fringe organisations
It is perhaps the first book of its kind that has carefully studied the functioning and evolution of fringe organisations in the country and linked, with evidence, their connection to a mainstream political partySaket Suman,Title: Shadow Armies: Fringe Organisations and Foot Soldiers of Hindutva; Author: Dhirendra K. Jha; Publisher: Juggernaut; Pages: 228; Price: Rs 499The rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from two seats in 1984 to a staggering 282 in 2014 may be seen as the growing appeal of its ideology -- Hindutva -- among the masses, but this compelling work of extraordinary research provides enough evidence to suggest that the ruling party's advance over the last three decades is not its journey alone and has been accompanied by the steady progress of fringe organisations which, in turn, have been the "foot soldiers" of its ideology.From Yogi Adityanath's Hindu Yuva Vahini in eastern Uttar Pradesh and the "love jihad" obsessed Sri Ram Sene in Mangalor...




Mining dust eats into lives at Goa's Sonshi village
The incarcerated, including 23 women and one senior citizen, were arrested by personnel attached to the Valpoi police station and booked under various sections of the IPC Mayabhushan Nagvenkar,Sonshi (Goa), April 20: Although annual school exams are around the corner, homework or preparing for the series of tests is the last thing on the mind of 10-year-old Vasudev Gawde of Sonshi village, literally a speck in North Goa's dusty mining belt.Gawde as well as more than a dozen other minors are awaiting the release of their parents from incarceration. They were among the 45 people arrested on April 11 for protesting against dust pollution caused by the transportation of iron ore in trucks, the paucity of water due to mining in the village's vicinity, and an ore transportation jetty several kilometres away."There is too much dust in the area. Coming and going to school is very difficult due to the movement of trucks. We want clean air and water... I am not afraid because my pare...




In 5 yrs, private schools gain 17 mn students, govt schools lose 13 mn
Despite the Rs 1.16 lakh crore ($17.7 billion) spent on Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) -- the quality of learning declined between 2009 and 2014 Devanik Saha,Between 2010-11 and 2015-16, student enrolment in government schools across 20 states fell by 13 million, while private schools acquired 17.5 million new students, according to a new study that offers insights into India's public-school education crisis. Average enrolment in government schools -- where teachers are paid, on average, salaries that are four times those in China -- declined from 122 to 108 students per school over five years, while it rose from 202 to 208 in private schools, according to a research paper by Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, professor of education and international development at the Institute of Education, London.Yet, 65 per cent of all school-going children in the 20 states, about 113 million, continue to get their education from government schools, according to District Information System for Education...




List of personalities whose birth/death anniversary may no longer be holiday in UP
There should be no holidays in schools on birth anniversaries of great personalities. Instead, special two-hour programme should be held to teach students about them IndiaTomorrrow.net, Lucknow, April 15: Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, while speaking on the occasion of 126th birth anniversary of Dr BR Ambedkar here on Friday, said schools should not be closed on the occasion of birth/death anniversary of great personalities, rather there should be two-hour program where students should be taught about them.   "There should be no holidays in schools on birth anniversaries of great personalities. Instead, special two-hour programme should be held to teach students about them," he reportedly said.   Here is a list of personalities whose birth/death/martyrdom is observed as a holiday in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere. The website of UP government's Appointment & Personnel department has a list of holidays (both gazetted and non-gazetted) for year ...




Punjab, Haryana farmers suffer as crop gets 'electrocuted'
In Punjab's Patiala district, for instance, the crop over nearly 200 acres in Kathgarh Chana and Khagta Kalan villages was burnt last week Jaideep Sarin,Chandigarh, April 14: Farmers in the agrarian states of Punjab and Haryana are often blamed for causing environmental and health concerns by burning crop residue but scores of farmers also suffer burning of their crop for no fault of theirs.Incidents of standing wheat crop being burnt to cinder across hundreds of acres in Punjab and Haryana have come to light in the past 10 days, just ahead of the harvest.The reason? Short-circuiting of overhead high-tension electricity wires that criss-cross agricultural fields in both states.In Punjab's Patiala district, for instance, the crop over nearly 200 acres in Kathgarh Chana and Khagta Kalan villages was burnt last week."The short-circuit can happen anytime -- day or night. While in the daytime, the fire is noticed by someone and steps are taken to control it, at night it can cause...




Why 12.1 mn persons with disability in India are illiterate
Prachi Salve & SwagataYadavar, At the launch of the government's Accessible India Campaign in December 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi suggested the term "divyaang" -- which translates into "divine body" -- for persons with disability, instead of the usual "viklaang", or handicapped. He said persons with disability are divinely blessed with "extra gifts".Many disabled rights groups later wrote to the Prime Minister arguing that changing terminology alone would not end the discrimination persons with disability face, and asking him to address the barriers that hinder their participation in the country's economic, social and political life.What does living with disability in India mean, particularly with regard to access to education and employment, 22 years after the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act was passed?As things stand, 45 per cent of India's disabled population is illit...




Why judicial reform should start with lower courts
A nationwide analysis is possible if we have standardised data to compare lower courts across the country. There is an urgent need for collecting case data in a structured and standardised format across the various courts in India. This will enable deeper insights and precise policy prescriptions. By Shobhit Mathur & Ram Prasath V.R,Of the 30 million pending court cases in India as of December 2014, over 80 per cent are in district and subordinate courts, which are short of about 5,000 (23 per cent) judges. But filling vacancies may not be the universal answer, according to our analysis, which found only a weak direct correlation between shortage of judges and performance of lower courts. India's judicial delays are legendary, and its shortage of judges well-known. Yet, despite the constraints, some courts manage to perform better than others, sometimes significantly so. Data can help identify such courts, as well as their innovations and best practices, so that these...




One week gone, Yogi yet to touch topmost promises of poll manifesto
IndiaTomorrow.net, Lucknow, March 27: What is the issue that got topmost position in the election manifesto of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath’s Bharatiya Janata Party? Slaughterhouses. Wrong answer. Anti-Romeo Squad. Wrong again. An ordinary person, however, could be forgiven for naming these two as the topmost poll promises of BJP because these were the only issues that got first and harsh attention of CM Yogi in the first week in office even though they were not the topmost promises made in written ahead of the Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections.   The 32-page Lok Kalyan Sankalp Patra or election manifesto of BJP has 10 chapters. The first chapter is Agriculture Will Be Foundation of Development. Under this chapter, there are 13 sections. The first section is Financial Aid to Farmers. And here the first promise that BJP made is: Farm Loans of All Small Farmers Will Be Waived. The second promise is that All Small Farmers Will Be Provided Interest-free Loans. There are thre...




Decoding UP Assembly Elections 2017
Shafeeq Rahman, The massive victory for BJP in Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections by winning two-third seats, specifically its victory in Muslim-concentrated constituencies, has surprised many political pundits. BJP has even won in most of the constituencies which were earlier known as the loyal seats of SP, BSP and INC. Such win has given an impression that Muslims at large have voted to BJP this time in the state.   To check the authenticity of the claim, a classification has been worked out according to the estimated Muslim population size in an Assembly Constituency and the voting pattern therein.   Muslims constitute 18% of the total state population. The population of the community is above 50% in 7 Assembly seats, above 40% in 25 seats and above 20% in 152 constituencies.   7 seats with above 50% Muslim population: SP won all the seven seats with 43% vote share. While BJP vote share was 28% only.   25 seats with above 40% Muslim population: SP+INC all...




In 8 years in Parliament, Yogi's most recurring debate topic: Hindu affairs, cow slaughter, uniform civil code
By Alison Saldanha,"It is unfortunate that some opponents, communalists are trying to portray him as a rabble-rouser and fringe personality. They should go through his parliamentary debates. Those reveal his seasoned thinking on various issues of governance," union Urban Development Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu said on his Facebook page on March 19, 2017, referring to Uttar Pradesh (UP) Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.Factchecker did just that, analysing hiss performance over the last eight years as a member of Parliament (MP) in the 15th and 16th Lok Sabhas, using data from PRS Legislative Research, an advocacy focussed on parliamentary affairs, and the Lok Sabha archives.Our four main findings:1. While the 44-year-old politician raised a variety of concerns -- including river pollution and rising cases of encephalitis -- his most recurring choice of debates focussed on Hindu affairs and cow slaughter, particularly over the last three years.2. In the 16th (current) Lok Sabha, 1...




9 of 11 varsities including AMU that govt. listed as 'under-performing', ordered audit have NAAC accreditation
IndiaTomorrow.net,New Delhi, March 20: The Union Government has reportedly listed 11 centrally-funded universities including Aligarh Muslim University, Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University and Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (Lucknow) as “non-performing” varsities and has asked the University Grants Commission (UGC) to conduct an audit of output, quality of research and students’ results of these institutions. It is said that National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), an autonomous institution of UGC that evaluates academic institutions and award accreditation to them, will conduct the audit.   However, when IndiaTomorrow.net visited the website of NAAC and checked the accreditation status of all the 11 ‘under-performing’ varsities, we found (see list below) that nine of the eleven varsities have been granted accreditation by NAAC – some as early as 2016.   On 10th March, Times of India published a news story ...




6 challenges for the new UP government
IndiaSpend Team, With 200 million people, equivalent to the population of Brazil, but with an economy the size of Qatars -- which has 2.4 million people, the same as the town of Bijnore -- the new government of Indias most-populous state Uttar Pradesh faces myriad problems.The GDP of Uttar Pradesh is comparable to Kenya's, and its infant mortality rate rivals Mauritania, a poverty-ridden, west-African nation.The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won an unprecedented victory in the state in the 2017 assembly election, with 312 out of 403 seats, but with some of India's worst development indicators, there is much to do.We analysed six major challenges and the corresponding promises made by the BJP to fix them in its election manifesto, called the""Lok Kalyan Sankalp Patra-201"".1. Second-highest maternal mortality, half the child population stuntedDespite having the largest population, Uttar Pradesh spends Rs 452 per capita on health, 70 per cent less than the average spen...




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