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'23% of Heart Failure Patients Die Within a Year of Diagnosis in India'
The study was aimed at measuring mortality at one year in patients, due to heart failure in India, Africa, China, the Middle East, South East Asia and South America. New Delhi, July 26: In India, 23 per cent of heart failure patients die within one year of diagnosis, a study revealed on Tuesday, adding that the country is next to Africa where the rate stands at 34 per cent.Of the total deaths, 46 per cent were due to cardiac issues, while non-cardiac causes led to 16 per cent deaths in patients, at one year, according to the first comprehensive study on heart failures conducted across six geographies globally.The International Congestive Heart Failure (INTER-CHF) study said that death rate of patients due to heart failures in Southeast Asia is 15 per cent, seven per cent in China, nine per cent both in South America and West Asia, significantly lower than in Indian patients."In India, heart-related diseases occur a decade early than the people of west. Lack of awareness, ou...




Top 10 States: Enrolment of Muslims, Scheduled Castes in Higher Education
IndiaTomorrow.net,New Delhi, July 24: Out of over 345 lakh students enrolled in higher education in the country, 48 lakh are from Scheduled Castes and 16 lakh from the Muslim community. In enrolment of Scheduled Castes, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra are at No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3respectively. For Muslim enrolment, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar are at No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3respectively, reveals the All India Survey on Higher Education or AISHE 2015-16.Here is a list of top 10 states for enrolment of Muslims and Scheduled Castes in higher education. Enrolment of Muslims, Scheduled Castes in Higher Education Top 10 States   Muslims Scheduled Castes All India 16,13,710 All India 48,10,314 (1) Uttar Pradesh 2,74,569 (1) Uttar Pradesh 10,07,555 (2) West Bengal 2,11,723 (2) Tamil Nadu 5,51,677 (3) Bihar ...




Only 7% of India's Large Dams Have Emergency Disaster Action Plan: CAG
New Delhi, July 22: Only 349 of 4,862 India's large dams have emergency disaster action plans in place, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India's performance report on flood control and management schemes of the Water Resources Ministry has revealed."Out of 4,862 large dams, emergency action plans or disaster management plans of only 349 dams, which is seven per cent, were prepared (March 2016). Mock drill in respect of only one dam was conducted as of March 2016," a CAG report, tabled in parliament on Friday, said.The country's top auditor also revealed that out of 17 states or union territories selected for audit, only Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu had carried out the pre and post monsoon inspection of dams while three states carried out partial inspections.On the safety of dams, the CAG said that Dam Safety Legislation initiated in 2010 had not been enacted till August 2016.Programmes for maintenance of dams were not prepared and adequate funds were not provid...




WHO Calls for More Tobacco Control Worldwide to Save Lives
Geneva, July 20: Though the population worldwide protected by tobacco control measures has grown almost five-fold than ten years ago, the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Wednesday called on countries to do more to prioritize these life-saving policies.In a latest report on the global tobacco epidemic, the WHO said about 4.7 billion people, or 63 per cent of the world's population, are covered today by at least one comprehensive tobacco control measure.Ten years ago, in 2007, the number was only one billion, or 15 percent of the world's population, Xinhua reported.However, tobacco use has still become the leading single preventable cause of death worldwide, killing over seven million people each year.Its economic costs are also enormous, totaling more than $1.4 trillion in healthcare and lost productivity, according to the WHO.Meantime, the tobacco industry continues to hamper government efforts to fully implement life- and cost-saving interventions, by, for example, exaggerating the...




Eliminated 12 years ago, 79,000 New Cases of Leprosy Detected in 2016
IndiaTomorrow.net, New Delhi, July 17: In 2005, the government had claimed to have eliminated leprosy from the country but just in six months of 2016 (April-September), 79,000 new cases of leprosy were detected, says the latest report of National Health Profile, 2017. There were already thousands of old cases of leprosy.   Being the largest state, Uttar Pradesh had the most number of news cases (13,423) followed by Bihar with 12,742 new cases in the given period. But perhaps the smallest union territory of Dadar and Nagar Haveli, as per the report, had the highest prevalence of leprosy cases - 7.93 per 10,000 people while Uttar Pradesh had 0.80 per 10,000 and Bihar 1.30 per 10,000 people.   By the end of September 2016, some 59,356 cases were discharged as cured and 1,05,564 cases were still on record under treatment. Source: National Health Profile, 2017




In 5 Years, 277% Rise in Rape Cases Reported in Delhi
Cases pertaining to "assault on a woman with intent to outrage her modesty" (under Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code) have increased by 473 per cent from 727 in 2012 to 4,165 in 2016 Chaitanya MallapurThe number of rapes reported each year in Delhi has more than tripled over the last five years, registering an increase of 277 per cent from 572 in 2011 to 2,155 in 2016, according to data released recently by the Delhi Police. The year after the Nirbhaya incident -- in which a 23-year-old paramedical student was raped by a group of men in a moving bus in Delhi on December 16, 2012 -- saw a 132 per cent spike in the number of cases reported, with a sustained 32 per cent increase thereafter, from 1,636 cases in 2013 to 2,155 in 2016. Cases pertaining to "assault on a woman with intent to outrage her modesty" (under Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code) have increased by 473 per cent from 727 in 2012 to 4,165 in 2016. The first five months of 201...




Central Government Body Plans to Create Database on Lynchings
IndiaTomorrow.net, New Delhi, July 9: In wake of an unending chain of lynchings in different parts of the country, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the central government agency authorised to collect and analyse data on crimes in the country, is learnt to be working on a plan to create a database on lynchings.   In the last two years, more than two dozen people have been lynched by unruly mobs on beef, cow or child theft issues.   NCRB Director Ish Kumar has told The Indian Express that a meeting in this regard was held last week. However, he said that the plan is in its initial stage and is yet to be approved by the Union Home Ministry. NCRB works under the ministry.   Some Latest Cases of Lynching:  02 July: A man named Asadul was lynched by villagers in Jharkhand's Sahibganj district as he was allegedly trying to run away after murdering his wife. 29 June: Mohd Allimuddin, a resident of Hazaribagh district in Jharkhand, was beaten to death ...




India among top 5 Countries using Dirty Wastewater on Farms
Colombo, July 5: India and four other countries -- China, Pakistan, Mexico and Iran -- account for the most cropland in the world irrigated by dirty wastewater, putting millions of lives at serious health risks, new research has found.The global use of untreated wastewater from cities to irrigate crops downstream is 50 per cent more widespread than previously thought, according to the study published in the journal Environmental Research Letters.The study relies on advanced modelling methods to provide a comprehensive estimate of the global extent to which farmers use urban wastewater on irrigated cropland.Researchers analysed data with geographic information systems (GIS).According to the study, farmers' use of wastewater is most prevalent in regions where there is significant wastewater generation and water pollution.In these circumstances, and where safer water is in short supply, wastewater offers a consistent and reliable means of irrigating fields, including high-value crops, suc...




Why 581 mn Indians Endure the Country's Worst Healthcare
The "high-focus" states are Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and AssamOjaswi Rao,Nine of India's poorest states -- home to 581 million or 48 per cent of the population -- account for 70 per cent of the country's infant deaths, 75 per cent of under-five deaths and 62 per cent of maternal deaths, but do not spend even the money they have set aside for healthcare, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of 2017 Reserve Bank of India data on state budgets.The data also reveal:-- The maternal mortality ratio -- deaths of mothers per 100,000 births -- in these states is 32 per cent higher (244) than the national average (167).-- 38 per cent and 40 per cent children in these states are underweight (low weight-for-age) and stunted (low height-for-age), respectively, higher than the national average of 36 per cent and 38 per cent, respectively, according to 2015-16 national health data, the latest available.-- Uttar Pradesh, Bi...




India to have bigger population than China by 2024: UN
The total fertility rate for India, measured as the number of children born to a woman, has fallen from 4.97 during 1975-80 to 2.3 for the current period of 2015-20 Arul Louis,United Nations, June 22: In seven years Indians will cross the 1.44 billion mark and the nation will go on to have a bigger population than China, according to a UN report.'The World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision' report released on Wednesday recorded two other dramatic facts: The fertility rate of Indians has more than halved over the last 50 years to 2.3 and Indians have added almost a decade to their life expectancy in the past 25 year which is now nearly 69 years."In roughly seven years, the population of India is expected to surpass that of China," the report said, calling it a notable finding."In 2024, both countries are expected to have roughly 1.44 billion," which will be an increase from 1.34 billion people in India now and 1.41 in China, the report said."Thereaf...




Dalits still converting to Buddhism, but at a dwindling rate
Manu Moudgil, Around 180 Dalit families converted to Buddhism after caste violence in Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh in May 2017. Bhim Army, the new group that seeks to give Dalit politics a more aggressive face, says it is considering a mass campaign for conversions to Buddhism.Last year, over 300 Dalits converted to Buddhism in Gujarat after seven of their caste were flogged for skinning a dead cow.Dalits, ranked lowest on the Hindu caste hierarchy, first started converting to Buddhism as a political gesture in 1956. This was the year B.R. Ambedkar, a Dalit icon, embraced Buddhism contending that this was the only way to escape caste oppression.The community has continued to use initiation into Buddhism as a gesture of protest. Every time the Dalit movement peaked, the number of conversions rose. After 1956, the number of neo-Buddhists -- or fresh converts to Buddhism -- grew again in the 1980s and 1990s because of the rise of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), a major Dalit-centri...




1,500 Delhi children missing till May this year - some will never return
Across the country, 30 per cent of the children remained untraceable, but in Delhi the number is the highest - 63 per centSanjeev Pal,New Delhi, June 14: The capital has lived up to its fearful reputation of disappearing kids with over 1,500 children -- mostly between 6 and 15 -- reported missing in the first five months of this year, according to police figures.And only few are expected to return home, going by the past trends on tracing missing children.The latest data follows the disturbing trend of over a dozen children going missing in the capital each day and, despite CCTV cameras and hi-tech aids, Delhi Police are finding it difficult to locate them.The success rate of Delhi Police is unimpressive, with a majority of the located children being those who return home on their own, according to crime record data.Deputy Commissioner of Police Rajan Bhagat told IANS that the missing children mostly are in the age group of 6 and 15 and belong to economically weaker familes of downmark...




Why, despite bountiful harvest, farmers are in despair
The primary reason farming is unviable is that farms here are now among the world's smallest (the global average land-holding size is 5.5 hectares). Prachi Salve, Alison Saldanha & Vipul Vivek,Amravati/Mumbai: A plentiful harvest in 2016 but imports drive some prices down 63 per cent. A shortage of cash because of demonetisation. Despite Rs 3.5 lakh crore -- enough to build 545 Tehri-sized dams -- invested on irrigation over six decades to 2011, more than half of all farms depend on rains. These are the three factors agitating Indians who depend on farming -- 90 million families, or 54.6 per cent of countrys 1.2 billion people.As anger sweeps rural Madhya Pradesh after the death of six farmers in police firing, farm protests roil rural Maharashtra -- wholesale markets are shut, produce is being dumped on streets -- and governments of the debt-ridden states struggle to respond to demands for loan waivers, an IndiaSpend analysis and reportage from rural Maharashtra explores wh...




UP prisons grossly overcrowded, reveals RTI plea
These jails can accomodate 58,111 persons, which includes capacity for 51,839 men, 2,956 women and 3,316 juvenile prisoners Lucknow, June 4: Uttar Pradesh prisons are massively overcrowded, holding 60 per cent more than the permissible capacity of inmates, an RTI response has revealed.In a reply to an Right to Information (RTI) application filed by social activist, Nutan Thakur, prison officials have informed that there were around 93,301 persons in Uttar Pradesh jails, while the official capacity is 58,111 persons.Overcrowding is a major problem in Indian jails with the Supreme Court last year terming the situation "not only tragic but also pathetic".As per the information dated May 30, 2017, given by Akhtar Riaz, Additional IG (Administration) Jails, there are a total of 70 jails in Uttar Pradesh of which five are central jails at Naini (Allahabad), Varanasi, Fatehabad, Bareilly and Agra, and three are special jails at Lucknow and Bareilly.These jails can accomodate 58...




Result of Bihar's crackdown on cheating - over 65% students fail Class 12
Last year, 11.55 lakh students appeared in the exam and 7.18 lakh or 62.19 per cent cleared itImran Khan,Patna, May 31: Bihar's education system is reeling with the news -- 66 per cent students who took the Class 12 Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) exams this year have failed. Two girls committed suicide and another attempted suicide after failing in the exams.Reports of more suicides are coming in from the state, as well as protests by students who failed to clear the Class 12 exams, after authorities put in place stringent measures this year against rampant cheating.What is worrying the top brass of the Bihar education department is that of the 12.61 lakh students who appeared in the BSEB exams this year, only 4.37 lakh - or 34.65 per cent - passed the exams while over 8 lakh have failed.Last year, 11.55 lakh students appeared in the exam and 7.18 lakh or 62.19 per cent cleared it.The reports of suicides come after nearly 70 per cent of those who took the Class 12 Science stream...




Chemicals, construction, mining among 11 sectors seen generating black money: Report
The flow of black money abroad ranged from less than one to seven per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) between 2000 and 2010, according to the NIPFP reportVipul Vivek,Chemicals and chemical products, construction, land transport, agriculture, petroleum products, iron and metallic products, are among the 11 sectors seen as "more prone to generation or utilisation of unaccounted incomes", according to a government-commissioned report on black money. Electricity, communication, mining, machinery manufacturing, and trade and business services are the other sectors, the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) report on black money said while estimating that about Rs 5.3 lakh crore (at the current exchange rate of Rs 64/US dollar) flowed out of India illegaly in 2007.The 1,200-page report, which is yet to be made officially public, was commissioned in 2012 by and presented in 2013 to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) under the Congress-led United P...




A deep analysis of Muslim representation in Delhi civic bodies
Shafeeq Rahman, Muslims make up 13% of the total population of Delhi but they are politically unrepresented in the legislative bodies. Their representation ratio is zero in seven parliamentary constituencies, 5.7% in state legislative body with 4 members out of 70 and 5.1% in all three municipal corporations with 14 councillors out of 272 members. The recently held MCD election has decreased the Muslim representation from 16 (5.8%) councillors in previous 2012 election to 14 (5.1%) in 2017.   Muslims have the population across the state, but their concentration is in different pockets of all three civic zones. Okhla in South; Ballimaran, Chandni Chowk, Matia Mahal and Sadar Bazar in North; and Babarpur, Seelampur, Karawal Nagar, Mustafabad and Seeampuri in East are the main Muslim-concentrated areas of Delhi. Muslim councillors generally win from these areas only.   In terms of Muslim ratio in ticket distribution, the three major political parties in Delhi had allotted t...




3,000 youngsters die daily from preventable causes: WHO
The report states that the biggest causes of death among adolescents are road traffic injuries, lower respiratory infections and suicide, which caused respectively 115,302, 72,655 and 67,149 deathsToronto, May 16: Over 3,000 youngsters die every day, totalling 1.2 million deaths a year, from largely preventable causes, according to a new report from the World Health Organization (WHO).Around 1.2 billion people, or one in every six persons, are adolescents aged between 10 to 19 years.The report entitled 'Global accelerated action for the health of adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to support country implementation', was scheduled to be launched on Tuesday in Canada at the Global Adolescent Health Conference: Unleashing the Power of a Generation.The report states that the biggest causes of death among adolescents are road traffic injuries, lower respiratory infections and suicide, which caused respectively 115,302, 72,655 and 67,149 deaths.While most of these deaths could be prevented wit...




More than 1 mn TB patients lack adequate nutrition
Every unit reduction in the BMI increases the risk of TB by about 14 per cent, according to this an International Journal of Epidemiology studyCharu Bahri,Mt Abu/Abu Road: One look at Puni Garasia, 14, was all it took Ashok Dave, a doctor operating a charitable mobile clinic service for 56 dusty, desolate hamlets in Sirohi, southwest Rajasthan, to suspect tuberculosis (TB). "She was all skin and bones," Dave, an employee of Global Hospital & Research Centre, a health not-for-profit, told IndiaSpend.On March 24, 2017, World TB Day, the government released a guideline: Nutritional Care & Support for TB Patients in India, the first country-level adaptation of the 2013 World Health Organization guideline for the nutritional care and support of TB patients. Low weight is a classic symptom of TB, a disease associated with wasting away of fat and muscle.Undernutrition increases the severity of TB, reduces patients' speed of recovery, and increases their chances of suff...




Over 10 years, Bengaluru molestations rose 417%, conviction rate 0.37%
In a decade to 2016, the incidents of molestation (under Section 354) reported in Bengaluru increased more than four-fold, statistics compiled by the citys Commissioner of Police show.  Elizabeth Mani, In a decade to 2016, the incidents of molestation (under Section 354) reported in Bengaluru increased more than four-fold, statistics compiled by the citys Commissioner of Police show. Yet, according to our analysis of police data, of the 4,241 complaints filed between 2006 and 2016, the conviction rate was 0.37 per cent (16 cases).The number of complaints under under Section 354 (assault to outrage the modesty of a woman) rose from 150 in 2006 to 776 in 2016. Experts say this could be because of an increase in the number of incidents as well as greater willingness on the part of women to register complaints.This data project could serve as a template for how police in India's burgeoning cities can make sense of their crime data in public interest.Section 354 includes sexual haras...




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